Global Health Initiative and President's Malaria Initiative
|PMI supports the principles that are fundamental to the GHI, including integrating malaria prevention and control interventions with other health interventions. For example, insecticide-treated mosquito nets procured with PMI support are distributed to pregnant women as part of their routine antenatal care at this clinic in Mozambique.
Source: Arturo Sanabria/Photoshare
Malaria prevention and control are major foreign assistance objectives of the U.S. Government. President Barack Obama has unveiled the Global Health Initiative (GHI), a comprehensive effort to reduce the burden of disease and promote healthy communities and families around the world. Through GHI, the United States will help partner countries improve health outcomes, with a particular focus on improving the health of women, newborns, and children.
The President's Malaria Initiative is a core component of GHI. As part of the USG Malaria Strategy 2009-2014 [PDF, 483KB], an expanded PMI strategy has been developed to achieve Africa-wide impact by halving the burden of malaria in 70 percent of at-risk populations in sub-Saharan Africa, approximately 450 million people, thereby removing malaria as a major public health problem and promoting economic growth and development throughout the region. Since its launch in 2005, PMI has reinforced the principles that are part of GHI, including:
- Encourage country ownership and invest in country-led plans
- Increase impact through strategic coordination and integration
- Build sustainability through health systems strengthening
- Improve metrics and monitoring and evaluation
- Implement a woman-centered approach
- Strengthen and leverage key multilateral organizations, global health partnerships, and private sector engagement
PMI, which is led by the U.S. Agency for International Development and implemented together with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, was launched as a five-year funding initiative beginning in fiscal year 2006. The 2008 Lantos-Hyde Act authorized an extension of PMI funding through fiscal year 2013. A comprehensive evaluation of PMI was conducted in 2011.